Resources & Publications

Working collaboratively with partners including the Great Lakes Regional Water Program, Ohio Department of Natural Resources, The Nature Conservancy-Indiana, Notre Dame University, and the University of Minnesota in Indiana, Michigan, Ohio, Wisconsin, and Minnesota, we have developed the following publications and multi-media materials about two-stage ditches and self-forming channels.
 
Fact Sheets
Ditch Management Options
D'Ambrosio, J.D. Witter, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Building Better Ditches. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.
 
Mecklenburg, D., D’Ambrosio, J.L., Witter, J.D., and A.D. Ward. in press. Building Better Ditches: The Self-Forming Channel. Great Lake Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

D'Ambrosio, J.L., J.D. Witter, A.D. Ward, and D. Mecklenburg. 2011. Approaches to Enhancing Ecosystem Services in Modified Headwater Channel Systems. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

 
Selecting and Sizing Two-stage Ditches
Ward, A.D., Witter, J.D., D’Ambrosio, J.L., Mecklenburg, D., Magner, J. and K. Wamsley. 2013. Tri-State Hydraulic Geometry Relationships for Sizing Two-Stage Ditches. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.
 
Ward, A.D., G.E. Powell, A.D. Jayakaran, J.D. Witter, J.L. D'Ambrosio, and D. Mecklenburg. 2011. Selecting and Sizing a Two-Stage Channel System in an Agricultural Landscape. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, A.D. Ward, and J. Magner. 2011. Economics of Two-Stage Ditches. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, A.D. Ward, J. Magner, and B. Wilson. 2011. Considerations for Implementing Two-Stage Channels. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter et al., 2013. Planning and Design Guidance for Two-Stage and Self-Forming Channels.  The Ohio State University. Columbus, OH.  32pp.
 
Two-stage Ditch Case Study Examples

Ohio

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Klase Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Sugar Creek. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Tributary to Bull Creek. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, A.D. Ward, and D. Mecklenburg. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Needles Creek. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Michigan

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Crommer Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Indiana

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Creel Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Davis-Freeman Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Witter, J.D., J.L. D'Ambrosio, and A.D. Ward. 2011. Two-Stage Channel Case Study: Van Gorder Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.
 
These and more Two-stage Ditch projects can be found on the The Conservation Registry (Just type "two-stage" into the search bar on the top left of the home page).
 
 
Self-Forming Channel Case Study Examples from Ohio
 
While in press, these self-forming channel projects can be found on the The Conservation Registry (Just type "self-forming channel" into the search bar on the top left of the home page).

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Bagley Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Beem Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Clear Creek Tributary. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Clover Groff Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Columbia Street Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Corathers Ditch. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Fisher Run. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Heckman Creek. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Honey Run. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., Ward, A.D., and J.L. D’Ambrosio. in press. Self-forming Channel Case Study: Turkey Creek. Great Lakes Regional Water Program. Madison, WI, USA.

 
Journal Articles
Two-stage Ditches

Griffiths, N.A., J.L. Tank, S.S. Roley, and M.L. Stephen.  2012. Decomposition of maize leaves and grasses in restored agricultural streams. Freshwater Science. 31: 848-864.

Roley, S. S., J.L. Tank, M.L. Stephen, L.T. Johnson, J.J. Beaulieu and J.D, Witter. 2012. Floodplain restoration enhances denitrification and reach-scale nitrogen removal in an agricultural stream. Ecological Applications. 22: 281–297.

Roley, S. S., J.L. Tank, and M.A. Williams. 2012. Hydrologic connectivity increases denitrification in the hyporheic zone and restored floodplains of an agricultural stream. J. Geophys. Res- Biogeosciences. doi:10.1029/2012JG001950

Griffiths, N. A., J. L. Tank, T. V. Royer, T.J. Warrner, T. C. Frauendorf, E. J. Rosi-Marshall, and M. R. Whiles. 2011. Temporal variation in organic carbon spiraling in Midwestern agricultural streams. Biogeochemistry. DOI 10.1007/s10533-011-9585-z

Roley, S. S., J.L. Tank, M.L. Stephen, L.T. Johnson, J.J. Beaulieu and J.D, Witter. 2011. Floodplain restoration enhances denitrification and reach-scale nitrogen removal in an agricultural stream. Ecological Applications. DOI:http://dx.doi.org10.1890/11-0381.1

Self-Forming Channels

Mecklenburg, D., Witter, J.D., and Ward, A.D. in review. Stream restoration by fluvial biogeomorphic succession: applications of a self-forming stream design concept in Ohio, USA. Ecological Engineering.

 

Spreadsheet Tools

Enhanced Channel Design Tool

Instream Nitrogen Assimilation Tool

Two-Stage Ditch Cost Estimator Tool

 

Videos

Building Better Ditches (Ravenswood Media)

Water Quality Management at Waterman Farm (The Ohio State University Extension)